BONSERNEWS.com – Alhamdulillah, soon Muslims will enter a very glorious month, Dzulhijjah. The month of Dzulhijjah is the 12th month in the Hijri calendar and is one of the holy and venerable months.
One of the virtues of the month of Dzulhijjah is that there are many major events in Islam that occur in this month.
Muslims are not even encouraged to fight during the month of Dzulhijjah, except for self-defence.
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The month of Dzulhijjah is just as special as the month of Ramadan, because Allah SWT provides many opportunities for Muslims to multiply good deeds with the aim and intention of only expecting blessings from Him.
Messenger of Allah shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam gives information about this in his hadith. From Abu Bakr radiyallahu ‘anhuThe Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said,
“There are two months in which the reward of charity will not decrease. Both are two months of holidays: the month of Ramadan and the month of Dzulhijjah, “(Narrated by Bukhari 1912 and Muslim 1089).
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For Muslims who are not currently performing the pilgrimage, they can increase the recommended practices, what are those practices? Let’s look at an explanation of the virtues of the month of Dzulhijjah and its special practices which are a shame to miss.
The month of Dzulhijjah has many virtues that must be known by Muslims. This month, which is synonymous with the celebration of Eid al-Adha, should be celebrated with sunnah worship to pursue its virtues. Come on, let’s go one by one so that all of our Islamic insights will be more open.
1. Allah loves the first ten days of the month of Dzulhijjah
The first 10 days of the month of Dzulhijjah are moments that Allah loves. Its priority is stated in Surah Al-Fajr verses 1 to 2.
وَالۡفَجۡرِۙ وَلَيَالٍ عَشۡرٍۙ
By the dawn and the tenth night
(Al-Fajr : 1-2)
According to Tafsir Ibn Kathir, the tenth night means the first 10 days in the month of Dzulhijjah. On these first 10 days that Allah loves, Muslims are encouraged to fast, read the Koran, pray sunnah, and give alms. Come on, collect as many rewards as possible with this special worship!
2. Month of Hajj
The months of Dzulhijjah and Hajj are like inseparable twins. In the month of Dzulhijjah Allah invites Muslims to come to the Baitullah in order to perform Hajj.
However, the 2021 Hajj was again canceled due to the unfinished Covid-19 pandemic. Even so, keep prejudiced against Allah and maintain the spirit of worship in the month of Dzulhijjah, one of which is with sacrifice.
3. The month is forbidden to fight
Another glory is that Allah glorifies this month by making war unlawful. Dzulhijjah is one of the months that is forbidden from the other four months, namely Muharam, Rajab, Dzulqadah.
This is stated in the letter At-Taubah verse 36:
Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months, in Allah’s decree when He created the heavens and the earth, of which four months are forbidden. That is the (statutory) of the straight religion, so do not mistreat yourselves in the four months, and fight the polytheists all as they also fight you all, and know that Allah is with those who fear Allah.
The verse explains that Muslims are prohibited from persecuting themselves, one of which is by going to war. The month of Dzulhijjah is a venerable month, therefore Muslims are encouraged to increase their piety with worship.
4. Afdhal day
It’s not perfect if you don’t welcome the month of Dzulhijjah with enthusiasm because this month is an afdhal day. The first 10 days of the month of Dzulhijjah are glorious days as stated in the hadith of Abdullah bin Qurath Radhiyallaahu ‘anhuma.
Rasulullah SAW said:
The most afdhal or main day (in a year) is the feast of qurban (10 Dzuulhijjah). (Narrated by Ibn Hibban)
5. Have a prime time of day
The months of Ramadan and Dzulhijjah have similarities in the main time. The difference is, Ramadan has the priority at night, while the priority of Dzulhijjah lies during the day.
This is based on the following hadith:
Someone asked: “Which is more afdhal the last ten in the month of Ramadan or the first ten of the month of Dzulhijjah?” Imam Ibnul Qayyim –rahimahullah- said “If you look at the time of night, then the last ten months of Ramadan are more important and if you look at the time of day, then the first ten months of Dzulhijjah are more important.”
(See Zaadul Ma’ad 1:57)
With many virtues, this is the worship to get the reward of this glorious month, namely:
1. Increase Fasting to Achieve the Virtue of the Month of Dzulhijjah
Do more righteous deeds in the first 10 days of the month of Dzulhijjah by fasting. As narrated in the hadith.
“There is no day when a good deed is more loved by Allah than the good deed done in these ten days (the first ten days of Dzulhijjah). The companions asked, “O Messenger of Allah, is this more important than jihad fii sabilillah? The Prophet Shalallahu Alaihi Wasalam replied “including more important than jihad fi sabilillah. Except for those who left with their souls and wealth (to the field of jihad), and none of them returned (died and their property was taken by the enemy).”
(Narrated by Ahmad, Bukhari and Turmudzi)
Deeds performed during the first 10 days of Dzulhijjah are charities that are loved by Allah. The reward can exceed the good deeds done outside the time limit.
2. Fasting for the First 9 Days and Fasting for Arafah
Abu Qatadah radliallahu ‘anhu narrated that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said,
صيام يو م عر فة أ حتسب على الل أن يكفي ه بعد
“…fasting the day of Arafah, I hope that Allah will make this fast a penance (sin, pen.) one year before and one year after that..”
(Narrated by Ahmad and Muslim)
3. Increase Dhikr, Takbir and Tahlil to Achieve the Virtue of the Month of Dzulhijjah
Scholars recommend that Muslims increase takbir, tahlil and tahmid in the month of Dzulhijjah. Takbir is also recited after every fardhu prayer at the mosque, on Eid al-Adha until tasyrik day in the afternoon (during the Asr prayer). In addition, when going to the field or mosque for the Eid prayer, it is sunnah to say:
“Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, laa ilaha ilallah, walllahu akbar, allahu akbar wa lillahil hamdu.”
Hadith from Abdullah bin Umar, that the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wasalam said.
“There is no charity that is done on a day that is more glorious and more beloved to Allah than the charity that is done on the 1st – 10th of Dzulhijjah. Therefore, read more tahlil, takbir, and tahmid on that day.”
(Narrated by Ahmad)
The evidence for the recommendation to increase dhikr in the first ten days of Dzulhijjah is,
“And that they may mention the name of Allah on the appointed day…..”
(Sura Al-An’am verse verse 28)
4. Carry out the Eid al-Adha prayer
In addition to the series of worship above in the month of Dzulhijjah, we will also carry out Eid prayers such as Eid al-Fitr. Rasulullah SAW said:
“From Anas bin Malik radlhallahu ‘anhu, he said that when the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam arrived in Medina, the people of Medina had two days which they celebrated by playing. Then the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam asked, “What two days are these?” They replied, “We celebrated by playing these two days during the Jahiliyya era. Then the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said, “Verily Allah has replaced you with two better days: Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha.”
(Narrated by An-Nasa’i, Abu Daud and Ahmad)
5. Slaughtering Sacrificial Animals
It is not uncommon for the celebration of Eid al-Adha to be accompanied by sacrifice, because sacrifice is one of the acts of worship that has extraordinary virtues.
As for the type of animal that is sacrificed, it must be in accordance with the Shari’a, it may be a goat or a cow according to their ability.
From Abu Hurairah radliallahu ‘anhu, the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said,
“Who has space but he doesn’t sacrifice, then don’t come close to our mosque.”
(Narrated by Ahmad and Ibn Majah.)
Truly Allah SWT says in Surah Al-Kausar verse 2 which means:
“Perform the prayer for your Rab and slaughter a sacrifice.”
(QS. Al-Kautsar: 2)
“There is no practice that the son of Adam does on the day of sacrifice that is more beloved to Allah ‘Azza Wa Jalla than flowing blood, indeed on the Day of Judgment he will come with his horns, his nails and his hair. And actually the blood will reach Allah ‘Azza Wa Jalla before it falls to the ground, so make your souls good with it.”
(Narrated by Ibn Majah, At-Tirmidhi, Al-Hakim)
6. Take a bath before Eid al-Adha
Before worshiping facing Allah SWT, we must clean ourselves and our clothes from dust, dirt or uncleanness. This is so that worship is carried out in a state of purity and can be easily accepted by Allah SWT.
“A man asked Ali radhiallahu’anhu about bathing, he replied: ‘Shower every day if you want’. The man said: ‘not that, but a real bath’. Ali replied: ‘Bathing on Friday, Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Adha and the day of Arafat.
(Narrated by Al Baihaqi)
7. Not Eating Before Eid Prayer
In the hadith narrated by Ibn Majah, it is explained that,
“The Prophet Shallallahu’alahi Wasallam usually did not go out on Eid al-Fitr until he had eaten first, and did not eat on Eid al-Adha until he returned from prayer.”
(Narrated by Ibn Majah)
Then Ibn Qudamah Rahimahullah also said,
“Imam Ahmad said: “During Eid al-Adha it is recommended not to eat until you return and eat the products of the qurban. Because the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam ate from the slaughter of his qurban. If a person does not have a qurban (does not make a qurban), then there is no problem if he eats before the Eid prayer.”
(Al Mughni 2: 228)
From Imam Ahmad’s explanation quoted from Ibn Qudamah above that it is sunnah not to eat before the Eid al-Adha prayer. This only applies to people who have sacrificial animals so that they can eat what they slaughter later. Meanwhile, if you don’t have a sacrificial animal, then it doesn’t apply.