Is it permissible to fast at Arafah in the morning or every day? If May, What Are the Intentions of Fasting Arafah in the Morning or Afternoon – Reading the intention before carrying out sunnah fasting is an important step.

The scholars have discussed the right time to convey the intention of fasting sunnah, including the permissibility of reading the intention of fasting Arafat in the morning.

Sunnah fasting refers to fasting that is rewarded if it is done, but is not sinful if it is not done.

According to Rizem Aizid in the book Worship of the Champions, sunnah fasting is a practice that can complement deficiencies in carrying out mandatory fasting.

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In further explanation, doing sunnah practices can also get love from Allah SWT.

As mentioned in the Hadis Qudsi, “My servant always draws closer to Me by doing sunnah practices, so I love him. If I love him, I will give instructions to his hearing, sight, hands and feet. If he asks for something to Me, I will surely grant him, and if he asks for protection, I will surely protect him.” (HR Bukhari)

In the Book of Al-Wajiju min fakihussunah by Shaykh Sulaiman Ahmad Yahya Al-Faifi, it is stated that Arafah Fasting is one of the sunnah fasts practiced by Rasulullah SAW. Then, is it permissible to read the intention of fasting Arafah in the morning?

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Reading the intention of fasting Arafah can be done in the morning. Sourced by Shaykh Abdurrahman Al-Juzairi in the Book of Al-Fiqh ‘Ala Al-Madzahib Al-Arba’ah, intending to fast as a sunnah can start from sunset until dawn.

It is recommended to make your intention earlier before the end of that time to ensure safety and avoid rush. Scholars have also discussed conveying the intention of sunnah fasting during the day.

One of the opinions expressed by Umar Sulaiman Al-Asyqar in the Book of Maqaashidul Mukallafin: An-Niyyat fil ibadaat states that the intention of sunnah fasting remains valid if it is done during the day. This opinion is the view of the majority of scholars, including Ali bin Abi Talib, Ibn Mas’ud, Hudzaifah bin Yaman, Thalhal, Ibn Abbas, Abu Hanifah, Ahmad, and Shafi’i.

According to the book Bulughul Maram by Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, it is permissible for a person to carry out the sunnah fasting intention during the day and may break the sunnah fast without any important reason.

This opinion is based on the hadith narrated by Aisyah RA, who said that one day the Prophet SAW came to her house and asked if there was food.

When Aisha said that there was none, the Prophet said, “Then I am fasting.” The next day, when the Prophet SAW came again, Aisha told them that they were given food in the form of dates mixed with ghee and dry milk. The Prophet SAW said, “Show it to me. Actually, this morning I was fasting.” However, then he ate. (Muslim HR).

The permissibility of carrying out sunnah fasting intentions in the morning or afternoon is also explained in the Complete and Practical Book of Women’s Fiqh by Abdul Gratitude al-Azizi.

He stated that sunnah fasts can be observed after dawn, even if one has not eaten or drank in the morning or has not taken any action that breaks the fast, they are allowed to immediately express their intention to observe sunnah fasts.

Thus, the intention of fasting Arafat may be recited in the morning or the intention of fasting Arafah during the day. The following is the reading of the intention of fasting for Arafah in the morning or the intention of fasting for Arafah during the day.

نَوَيْتُ صَوْمَ هٰذَا اليَوْمِ عَنْ أَدَاءِعَرَفَةَ سُنَّةً لِلّٰهِ تَعَالَى

Latin Arabic: “Nawaitu shauma hâdzal yaumi ‘an adâ’i arafata sunnatan lillâhi ta’âlâ.”

Meaning: “I intend to fast the sunnah of Arafah today because of Allah ta’ala.”

Arafat fasting has many virtues that can be achieved by Muslims. One of them is the reward in the form of waiver of sins for two years. The intended two years are one year before implementing and one year after implementing.

This is in line with the hadith,

وَعَنْ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ قَالَ : قَالَ رَسُولُ الله صَوْمُ يَوْم غرفة يُكَفِّرُ سنتين مَاضِيَةً وَمُسْتَقْبَل َةً وَصَوْمُ يَوْمٍ عَاشُورَاءَ يُكَفِّرُ سَنَةٌ مَاضِيَةً

Meaning: From Abi Qatada RA said that Rasulullah SAW said, “The fast on the day of Arafah erases the sins of two years, namely the previous year and the year after. The Ashura fast takes away the sins of the year before and the year after. The Ashura fast takes away the sins of the previous year.” (Reported by the congregation of hadith experts except Bukhari and Tirmidhi).()